Dating the writing of the gospels
70 CE] both brothers had 'drunk the cup' that Jesus had drunk and had been 'baptized with the baptism' with which he had been baptized." Since the patristic tradition is unanimous in identifying the beloved disciple with John, at least this evidence discredits the patristic tradition concerning the authorship of the Gospel of John.
If the author of the Gospel of John were an eyewitness, presumably the author would have known that Jesus and his compatriots were permitted to enter the synagogues.
In a similar way, if each member of a family had to write a family history, each member would tell basically the same story, but each member would also highlight certain details he considered important and would keep in mind who would be reading the family history. Whether the final version of the Gospels we have is the word-for-word work of the saints [they are named for] is hard to say. The Gospel of Mark is commonly dated about the year 65-70 in conjunction with the destruction of the Temple of Jerusalem. Matthew is identified with the tax collector called as an Apostle (Mt 9:9-13). Nevertheless, some scholars doubt the saint's direct authorship because we only have the Greek version, not the Aramaic, and no citations are made from the Aramaic version in Church literature. Paul (Col ), has consistently been recognized in Christian tradition as the author of the third Gospel, beginning with St. Interestingly, with the recent scholarship on the Dead Sea Scrolls, new evidence points to the authorship of the traditional authors. Reginald Fuller, an Episcopalian and Professor Emeritus at Virginia Theological Seminary, with Dr.
Nevertheless, the sacred authors wrote "in such a fashion that they have told us the honest truth about Jesus" (No. Therefore to suggest that the third-century Church "wrote" the Gospels in some kind of vacuum, almost to "create" Jesus, is without foundation. Nevertheless, tradition does link the saints to their Gospels. Mark, identified with the Mark of Acts and the Mark of I Peter , is mentioned in a quote contained in a letter from Papias (c. Papias again attests to the saint's authorship and indicates that he was the first to compile a collection of Jesus' sayings in the Aramaic language. The version of the Gospel we have was probably written between 70-80. Carsten Thiede, has analyzed three papyrus fragments from the 26th chapter of the Gospel of Matthew; the fragments date to the year 40, which would indicate that the author was an eyewitness to our Lord's public ministry. J., studying fragments of the Gospel of Mark and using paleographic means, dated them at 50, again indicating an eyewitness author.
In the writings that come from the early stages of Christianity, the Gospels are not mentioned until long after the works of Paul. to be precise, that accounts began to appear concerning a collection of Evangelic writings, In spite of this, "from the beginning of the Second century A.
It was not until the middle of the Second century A. D., many Christian authors clearly intimate that they knew a.
Citing Vatican II's Dogmatic Constitution on Divine Revelation ( Dei Verbum ), the Catechism has a very succinct presentation on the formation of the Gospels (cf. To answer this question we must first be clear on how the Gospels were formed and what constitutes authorship. The foundational premise is that Holy Mother Church has firmly and with absolute constancy maintained and continues to maintain, that the four Gospels [Matthew, Mark, Luke and John], whose historicity she unhesitatingly affirms, faithfully hand on what Jesus, the Son of God, while He lived among men, really did and taught for their eternal salvation until the day when He was taken up. 19)After the ascension of Jesus, the Apostles went forth preaching the Gospel, handing on to others what our Lord had done and taught.
D., it became a habit to say "Gospel' meaning the books that Saint Justin around 150 A. had also called "The Memoirs of the Apostles'." Unfortunately, assertions of this kind are sufficiently common for the public to have ideas on the date of the Gospels which are mistaken.
is part of the appendix of the gospel and should not be assumed to have come from the same hand as that responsible for the body of the gospel.
Neither of these passages, therefore, persuades many Johannine scholars that the author claims eyewitness status.
The Gospels did not form a complete whole 'very early on'; it did not happen until more than a century after the end of Jesus's mission.
The Ecumenical Translation of the Bible estimates the date the four Gospels acquired the status of canonic literature at around 170 A. As far as the date the Gospels were written is concerned, A.